bite force of crocodile

But now the count reaches the thousands in various regions. [19] In the Aguja Formation of Texas, where some of the largest specimens of Deinosuchus have been found, these massive predators probably inhabited brackish-water bays. According to Google, the saltwater crocodile may have the strongest bite ever measured, but that might be because it's been impossible to measure the killer whale's bite force with accuracy. After the adult Purussaurus, the next strongest bite comes from the modern saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus, which has a bite force of 1.6 tons. Knowledge of Deinosuchus remains incomplete, but better cranial material found in recent years has expanded scientific understanding of this massive predator. Bite forces can now be predicted in fossil crocodilians using the regression equations generated in this research. [15], In 1903, at Willow Creek, Montana, several fossil osteoderms were discovered "lying upon the surface of the soil" by John Bell Hatcher and T.W. American Crocodile all information is available here like scientific name, size, weight, total population, bite force, characteristics, diet, facts, habitat, lifespan, and reproduction. The adult American crocodile has. [10] The vertebrae were articulated in a procoelous manner, meaning they had a concave hollow on the front end and a convex bulge on the rear; these would have fit together to produce a ball and socket joint. Holland assigned these specimens to a new genus and species, Deinosuchus hatcheri, in 1909. Hippo vs Lion. [19] All known specimens of Deinosuchus were found in rocks dated to the Campanian stage of the Late Cretaceous period. It mostly inhabits in the water such as river mouths, salt lakes, mangrove swamps, freshwater and sometimes found in the sea. [15] Together, the osteoderms and connective tissue would have served as load-bearing reinforcement to support the massive body of Deinosuchus out of water. Saltwater crocodiles are responsible for several human deaths and water bites. The maximum documented size of American crocodile is 6.1 m. The male maximum can weight up to 907 kg while on average, they reach up to 400 kg. [11] Colbert restated this hypothesis more confidently in 1961: "Certainly this crocodile must have been a predator of dinosaurs; otherwise why would it have been so overwhelmingly gigantic? At the Top of the Grand Staircase: The Late Cretaceous of Southern Utah. Saltwater crocodile by Rob Gandola #JunkOff. These are supposed to eat the varied diet as they have the broad snout. Irmis RB, Hutchison JH, Sertich JJW, Titus AL. Scientists say its bite was twenty times the strength of a Great White Shark. these are common in the hypersaline lakes which is one of the largest known inhabit Lago Enriquillo for the population. [30] A 2014 study suggested that it would have been able to perform a "death roll", like modern crocodiles. [9], Deinosuchus had a secondary bony palate, which would have permitted it to breathe through its nostrils while the rest of the head remained submerged underwater. [5] In 2003, Christopher A. Brochu agreed that Deinosuchus "probably dined on ornithopods from time to time. A person by hold their jaws shut down and even larger crocodiles can bring under control by binding by their jaws together. In: Titus AL, Loewen MA, eds. Crocodilian eggs are little brittle but softer than bird eggs. Deinosuchus reached its largest size in its western habitat, but the eastern populations were far more abundant. The “winners”—saltwater crocodiles—slammed their jaws shut with 3,700 pounds per square inch (psi), or 16,460 newtons, of bite force. Scientists believe the most powerful bite force ever belonged to now-extinct giant crocodiles, which measured 35 to 40 feet long and may have had a bite force of up to 18,000 pounds. It is believed to be the bite of a Nile crocodile is as high as … Saltwater crocodile. [6][7], Modern saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) have the strongest recorded bite of any living animal, with a maximum force of 16,414 N (1,673.8 kgf; 3,690 lbf) for a 4.59 meters (15.1 ft) specimen . The strongest have a bite pressure that measures 3,700 pounds per square inch, while the strongest alligators' bites are about 2,900. [8] The bite force of Deinosuchus has been estimated to be 18,000 N (1,835 kgf; 4,047 lbf)[2] to 102,803 N (10,483 kgf; 23,111 lbf). Deinosuchus comes from the Greek δεινός/deinos, meaning "terrible", and σοῦχος/suchos, meaning "crocodile". [3] The skull of Deinosuchus itself was of a unique shape not seen in any other living or extinct crocodilians; the skull was broad, but inflated at the front around the nares. [19] Deinosuchus has been described as a "conspicuous" component of a purportedly distinct biome occupying the southern half of Late Cretaceous North America. "[29] Deinosuchus is generally thought to have employed hunting tactics similar to those of modern crocodilians, ambushing dinosaurs and other terrestrial animals at the water's edge and then submerging them until they drowned. [5] The "side-necked" sea turtle Bothremys was especially common in the eastern habitat of Deinosuchus, and several of its shells have been found with bite marks that were most likely inflicted by the giant crocodilian. Their large, powerful jaws make their snouts deadly traps from which escape is nearly impossible for prey. Utterback, yielded further fossils, including additional osteoderms, as well as vertebrae, ribs, and a pubis. It had large, robust teeth built for crushing, and its back was covered with thick hemispherical osteoderms. Don't crocodiles with large, bulky jaws tend to have a heavier mass anyway? [17] This is only slightly lower than previous estimates for the species. Deinosuchus was probably capable of killing and eating large dinosaurs. According to his research, the saltwater crocodile has a larger bite force (1.68 tons/cm 2) than the commonly favored American alligator (964 kg). Humans have frail jaws that can tear into a piece of meat with just 150 pounds. [11] Because it was not then known that Deinosuchus had a broad snout, Colbert and Bird miscalculated the proportions of the skull, and the reconstruction greatly exaggerated its overall width and length. Excavation at the site, carried out by W.H. [19] Specimens have been described from 10 U.S. states: Utah, Montana, Wyoming, New Mexico, New Jersey, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, and North Carolina. Pictured above, this large powerful breed is used in Turkey to … Scroll this page down and get the details. (2006),[39] but was criticized by other authors,[21][24][29] and an SVP 2010 abstract Schwimmer reported new fossils of specimens from both sides of the interior seaway that indicated that the differences between the two morphs were not just size related, teeth from large eastern specimens retained the common characteristics of other specimens of the region and osteoderms from small specimens of the western morph were no different from those of large ones, supporting the specific separation of the two morphs, D. rugosus and D. The American Crocodile is the species of the crocodilian found in the Neotropics which is one the eight biographic realms constituting the earth’s land surface. Although Deinosuchus was far larger than any modern crocodile or alligator, with the largest adults measuring 12 meters (39 ft) in total length, its overall appearance was fairly similar to its smaller relatives. It is the only species other than the saltwater crocodile to commonly live and thrive in the salt water. The bite force of American crocodile is recorded is about 3000 psi. However, this view was not universally supported and Schwimmer (2002) recognized just one species, Deinosuchus rugosus, with the differences found between the two species explained as the result of the larger size of the western morph. The first remains were discovered in North Carolina (United States) in the 1850s; the genus was named and described in 1909. Opinion remains divided as to whether these two populations represent separate species. The crocodiles get the force from the jaw muscles and exert a huge pressure to lock their food in their jaws. American crocodiles are apex predators and any terrestrial or aquatic animal, they encounter in freshwater, coastal saltwater, riparian is the primary prey for their diet. With one of the most powerful jaws on earth, the crocodile’s bite force measured 3,700 pounds per square inch. [8] It has been argued that even the largest and strongest theropod dinosaurs, such as Tyrannosaurus, probably had bite forces inferior to that of Deinosuchus. The age of the American Crocodile is estimated about 30 – 70 years. According to the formula that 4.6 saltwater crocodile that had a bite force of 3800 would have a … Saltwater Crocodile (4,000 PSI) "Don't worry, being eaten by a crocodile is just like going to sleep—in … -- still less than saltwater crocs weigh more than 1100 pounds males very! Proposed in 1996 that Deinosuchus may have preyed on marine turtles crocodiles become the food of in... The tooth count for Each dentary ( tooth-bearing bone in the country by binding by their.! Few hundred discovered in North Carolina reproductive capabilities both sides of the large animals as most of the are... 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