list of environmental problems and solutions in the philippines

5.Chemicals, Toxics, and Heavy Metals—Part of what makes air pollution – and all forms of pollution – more dangerous is the presence of toxic elements. This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/. Improper waste disposal would top the list. The main goal of Greenpeace Philippines is to protect natural landscapes, species, and more from environmental threats such as perilous waste imports, coal projects, and illegal logging. 45% of Philippines’ urban population lives in informal settlements with already weak infrastructure and are extremely vulnerable to flooding and typhoons. Forest Peoples Program, Moreton-in-Marsh, pp 110–216 Google Scholar "[37][36][38], Environmental groups have asked Congress to pass a Human Rights Defenders Bill to help protect activists and their families.[37]. Environmentalists advocate the installation of sulphur cleaning scrubbers in factories, washing sulphur out of coal, and finding new methods of burning coal. 11. [21] Typhoon Haiyan alone cost the Philippines' agricultural sector an estimated US$724 million after causing 1.1 million tonnes of crop loss and destroying 600,000 ha of farmland. The list of environmental problems and solutions presented in this write-up should throw some light on how do we go about the conservation of natural resources. Like and Share to generate more environmental awareness and create a concern about our future. Villanueva J (2011) Oil palm expansion in the Philippines analysis of land rights, environment and food security issues. One of the most devastating typhoons that hit the Philippines in 2013 was Typhoon Haiyan, or "Yolanda," that killed over 10,000 people and destroyed over a trillion pesos worth of properties and damage to various sectors. In: Colchester M, Chao S (eds) Oil palm expansion in South East Asia: trends and implications for local communities and indigenous peoples. 3.2 percent of total rainforest has been left. Under the liability provisions of the Superfund law, anyone found responsible for the waste at a site can be held liable for the full cost of cleanup, even if the toxins were disposed of legally at the time. [16] Annually, the air pollution causes more than 4,000 deaths. The primary crops are palay (rice), corn, sugar cane, fruit, root crops, vegetables and trees (for rubber). [10] Illegal logging occurs in the Philippines [11] and intensify flood damage in some areas.[12]. Disposal of Wastes. 2.Energy—For big energy users, resource and energy productivity may become a major point of strategic advantage (or disadvantage if they don’t learn to properly utilize future and existing resources). [31] Rice, wheat, and corn crops are expected to see a 10% decrease in yield for every 1degree C increase over a 30dC average annual temperature. For example, there has been a 90% reduction in the Monarch butterfly population in the United States that can be linked to weed killers that contain glyphosate. Some of these impacts include increased frequency and severity of natural disasters, sea level rise, extreme rainfall, global warming, resource shortages, and environmental degradation. [32] For example, climate change is linked to increase civil conflict in the Mindanao region which increases the number of casualties and deaths of young men in the area. A 45‐item Likert‐type questionnaire consisting of four dimensions, namely, awareness of environmental problems, national environmental problems, solutions to the problems … Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming: All the three physical phenomena are related to one another to a great extent. [21] Rising sea levels increases salinity which leads to a loss of arable land and irrigation water. The accumulation of harmful substances on the ground, water and air causes pollution. [28] The category 5 typhoon continued to travel west, making landfall in several municipalities, and ultimately devastated enormous stretches of the Philippines islands of Samar, Leyte, Cebu, and the Visaya archipelago. the environment and insistent that offenders of environmental laws be held accountable, the Philippine environmental laws and government regulations are in place with the intent of protecting the environment and aid people from all walks of life in their pursuit to a balance and healthful ecology. These exacerbate risks to agriculture, energy, water, infrastructure, human health, and coastal ecosystems. Aside from promoting ecological farming, this volunteer-based group also holds campaigns against land, air, and water pollution. Power plant operators are looking for less expensive solutions to the problem. This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment.They are loosely divided into causes, effects and mitigation, noting that effects are interconnected and can cause new effects. [2], It is estimated that in 2025, water availability will be marginal in most major cities and in 8 of the 19 major river basins. [29] More than 16 million people were affected by the storm, suffering from the storm surge, flash floods, landslides, and extreme winds and rainfall that took lives, destroyed homes, and devastated many. [39] The nation for the Sustainable Development Strategy includes assimilating environmental considerations in administration, apposite pricing of natural resources, conservation of biodiversity, rehabilitation of ecosystems, control of population growth and human resources development, inducing growth in rural areas, promotion of environmental education, strengthening citizens’ participation, and promoting small to medium-sized enterprises and sustainable agricultural and forestry practices. Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. [2] The main source of pollution is untreated domestic and industrial wastewater. On the basis of population density, the different localities may be divided as urban or rural areas. Natural Environment: Is It Being Destroyed or Protected, Free online plagiarism checker with percentage. Genetic Modification of Crops. Here is my list of 10 and everyone is invited to tell me which problems I missed or which problems should have been not included: (2016). Environmental issues caused by man-made chemicals are becoming clearer. Equally important, natural capital provides energy, water, flood control, storm mitigation and other environmental services that benefit the entire If the temperature keeps increasing at such a rate, then slowly t… Upon signing the 1992 Earth Summit,[41] the government of Philippines has been constantly looking into many different initiatives to improve the environmental aspects of the country. [9] In total, 46 species are endangered, and 4 were already eradicated completely. A key factor in the decline of biodiversity is habitat loss. We have also accompanied each of the environmental issues with a video that explains the matter in depth. But the air is still not clean in many places. Large cities in the Philippines such as Manila, Quezon City, Cebu, and Davao City see an increased risk from both climate change and globalization.Double exposure, infrastructure planning, and urban climate resilience in coastal megacities: A case study of Manila|journal=Environment and Planning. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. [21] Increases in extreme weather events will have devastating affects on agriculture. [27], At 04:40 on November 8, 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan, also known locally as “Yolanda”, made landfall in the Philippines in the Guiuan municipality. [23] GHG emissions in the Philippines is rising. A municipality or notified area council (MAC) or corporation or metropolitan city whose population is more than 5000 and a population density” of more than 400 people […] [25] Leaving over 6,300 dead, 28,688 injured, and 1062 missing, Typhoon Haiyan is the deadliest typhoon on record in the Philippines. [24], Due to its geographical location, climate, and topography, the Philippines is ranked third on the World Risk Index for highest disaster risk and exposure to natural disasters. The agriculture sector employs 35% of the working population and generated 13% of the country's GDP in 2009. [27] This temperature increase will stratify the local climate and cause the wet and dry seasons to be wetter and drier, respectively. The legal liability surrounding toxins can turn out to be virtually unlimited. Conclusion : Environmental Issues in the Philippines The Philippines is prone to natural disasters, particularly typhoons, floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, lying as it does astride the typhoon belt, in the active volcanic region known as the "Pacific Ring of Fire," and in the geologically unstable region between the Pacific and Eurasian tectonic plates. Solutions to Environmental Issues. [34][35] According to environmental watchdog Global Witness, at least 30 land and environmental defenders were killed in the Philippines in 2018, many of whom were in conflict with private business groups. Currently, the Philippines' Department of Environment and Natural Resources has been busy tracking down illegal loggers and been spearheading projects to preserve the quality of many remaining rivers that are not yet polluted. About 25% of coastal municipalities in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao are affected by this and the issue is expected to get worse with sea level rise.[21]. [31] Climate change is expected to amplify the seasonal variation of rainfall in the Philippines and exacerbate ongoing civil conflict in the country. Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming … Constructed wetland for a peri-urban housing area Bayawan City, Philippines", "Secondary forests in the Philippines: formation and transformation in the 20th century", "Rates and patterns of deforestation in the Philippines: application of geographic information system analysis", "The State, Illegal Logging, and Environmental NGOs, in the Philippines", "Illegal logging a major factor in flood devastation of Philippines", "Metro Manila air polluted beyond acceptable levels", "POLLUTION ADVERSELY AFFECTS 98% OF METRO MANILA RESIDENTS", "Economic analysis of waste-to-energy investment in the Philippines: A real options approach", "Pasig now one of world's most polluted rivers", "CLIMATE CHANGE RISK IN THE PHILIPPINES: COUNTRY FACT SHEET", "Greenhouse gas emissions in PH rising: report", "This map shows why the Philippines is so vulnerable to climate change", "Getting a Grip on Climate Change in the Philippines", Climate change and health in the Western Pacific region: synthesis of evidence, profiles of selected countries and policy direction, "Situational Report re Effects of Typhoon YOLANDA (HAIYAN)", "The Philippines identified as the deadliest country for environmental activists", "Philippines is deadliest country for defenders of environment", "Threats, raids and murders stalk Filipino environment activists", "Killings of environmental defenders on the rise in the Philippines", "The Dangers Of Environmental Activism In The Philippines", "PHILIPPINE STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A Conceptual Framework", "http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387-1256566800920/6505269-1268260567624/Yuen.pdf", "Government Policies Pertaining to the Manufacturing Sector", "The Growth of Philippine Environmentalism", National Intelligence Coordinating Agency, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Environmental_issues_in_the_Philippines&oldid=993455259, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 18:21. Many companies face pressure about their contribution to sprawl, yet all humans are guilty of contributing to this problem. [21] The Philippines has not only seen 0.15 meters of sea level rise since 1940, but also seen 0.6 to 1 degree Celsius increase in sea surface temperatures since 1910, and 0.09 degree c increase in ocean temperatures since 1950. [3] Besides severe health concerns, water pollution also leads to problems in the fishing and tourism industries. Although water resources have become scarce in some regions and seasons, the Philippines as a whole has more than enough surface and groundwater. [40] One of the initiatives signed in part of the strategy was the 1992 Earth Summit. [21] The increased chance of extreme weather events would reduce hydropower production, which accounts for 20% of the country's energy supply, as well as cause widespread damage to energy infrastructure and services. Problem: Overgrazing, monoculture planting, erosion, soil compaction, overexposure to pollutants, land-use conversion - there's a long list of ways that soils are being damaged. [21] Many freshwater coastal aquifers have seen saltwater intrusion which reduces the amount of freshwater available for use. 4.Biodiversity and Land Use—Biodiversity preserves our food chain and the ecosystems on which all life depends. Rising sea levels, heavy rainfall and flooding, and strong typhoons pose an enormous risk to the Philippines’ infrastructure. [21], Several factors of climate change are impacting the availability of water in the Philippines. [21] Additionally, climate change will continue to increase the intensity of typhoons and tropical storms. A poor rice crop can lead to large impacts on the wellbeing of poor Filipino and cause widespread contempt for the government and more support for insurgent groups. [21] Most areas in the Philippines will see reduced rainfall from March to May, while Luzon and Visayas will see increased heavy rainfall. [27] Over 60% of the coastal population depends on marine resources like coral reefs or mangroves for their contributions to fisheries, tourism, and storm protection. Loss of Biodiversity 5. [21] All of these factors contribute to higher prices of food and an increased demand for imports, which hurts the general economy as well as individual livelihoods. [21], Philippines share in the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is at 0.31%. Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming 2. [21], Climate change and global warming and the rising amounts of CO2 in the atmosphere has contributed to ocean warming and ocean acidification. The “ Refugee Nation ,” suggested by Israeli real estate millionaire Jason Buzi, would involve buying underpopulated and underdeveloped land somewhere in the world and then making it a place where refugees can flee to and get their lives started again. [31], Smallholder farmers in the Philippines are expected to be among the most vulnerable and impacted by the effects of climate change in the region. [7] The first Philippine constructed wetland serving about 700 households was completed in 2006 in a peri-urban area of Bayawan City which has been used to resettle families that lived along the coast in informal settlements and had no access to safe water supply and sanitation facilities. [28][29] According to the NDRRMC, the storm cost the Philippines about 3.64 billion US dollars.[29]. Time to stem the tide of plastic pollution, writes Henrylito D. Tacio, describing what plastics are, how much we use them, their harmful effects and environmental impacts, plus positive industry actions taken to reverse plastic-related problems and pollution.. DAVAO, 27 June 2018.Filipinos, particularly businessmen, seemed to heed the advice that was given to Oscar-nominated Dustin … Out of these, 2.65 million were unemployed. Recognizing the need to tackle the environment issues as well as the need to sustain development and growth, the Philippines came up with the Sustainable Development Strategy. To understand their […] 1.Climate Change—This catch-all includes rising sea levels, changes in rainfall patterns, more severe droughts and floods, harsher hurricanes and other windstorms, and new pathways for disease. "Gendered vulnerabilities of, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Pasig River in Manila, one of the world's most polluted rivers, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, List of protected areas of the Philippines, List of threatened species of the Philippines, "Country Environmental Analysis for Philippines", "Philippines: Meeting Infrastructure Challenges", "Manila Water Company: Manila Water to build P105-M sewage treatment plant in Taguig", "Case study of sustainable sanitation projects. TRASH ON THE STREET The most hated problems of people in our barangay is the many trash in the middle of the street because other people throw it away in the street to pick up the garbage collection. [21] These natural disasters will also cause millions of dollars in damages to urban infrastructure like bridges and roads. [32] The agricultural sector is expected to see an estimated annual GDP loss of 2.2% by 2100 due to climate impacts on agriculture. It took a long time for the water to be drained especially in along Pasig. Halocarbons (being lighter than other gases in the atmosphere) rise much higher in the atmosphere. This comes at a cost however as the oceans are becoming more and more acidic as they sequester more carbon dioxide. Perhaps more extreme weather events such as droughts, wildfires, heat waves and flooding will convince the public to put more pressure on policymakers to ac… [21], In the Philippines, there is a correlation between rainfall and civil conflict, and manifests through agricultural production. Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change. [21] From 2006 to 2013, the Philippines experienced a total of 75 disasters that cost the agricultural sector $3.8 billion in loss and damages. Deforestation 4. 9. Rate: Select rating Give Problems and Solutions 1/5 Give Problems and Solutions 2/5 Give Problems and Solutions 3/5 Give Problems and Solutions 4/5 Give Problems and Solutions 5/5 As an island country located in the Southeast Asia Pacific region, the Philippines is extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The Ten biggest problems facing the Philippines today In order to find any solution, one must know the problem. [31] The increased rainfall during the wet season in the Philippines is proven to be harmful to agriculture as it leads to flooding and/or water logging. Desertification 3. The earth gets its warmth from the green house effect. India: Dumping Ground for Developed Countries? [21][27] During the time period from 1990 to 2006, the Philippines experienced a number of record-breaking weather events, including the strongest typhoon (wind speeds), the most destructive typhoons (damages), the deadliest storm (casualties), and the typhoon with the highest 24 hour rainfall on record. A 2015 study found that the Philippines is one of the world's top five producers of plastic waste in the world—along with China, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. According to Water Environment Partnership in Asia (WEPA), 32 percent of the Philippines’ land mass — approximately 96,000 square kilometers — is used for agriculture. Since it takes 30–35 years for a second-growth forest to mature, loggers had no incentive to replant. However, neglecting to have a coherent environmental policy has led to the contamination of 58% of the groundwater in the Philippines. So let us make a list of the biggest problems facing our country today. Malacañang on Tuesday said mayors risk removal from their posts and facing criminal charges if they protect illegal mining and logging, which the government partly blamed for 2-story floods that hit parts of Luzon during this onslaught of typhoon Ulysses this month. The solution is to seek help for the government official to help in constructing classrooms for the students not from campaign rights. [37] The group said activists have also been harassed, vilified, "red-tagged," and labeled as terrorists or "enemies of the state. SOLUTION: 1. [21] The floods and landslides caused by extreme rainfall degrade watershed health and water quality by increasing runoff and erosion that increases sedimentation in reservoirs. Indeed, the environment has become such an Also Read: Solid Waste Management. [25] 16 of its provinces, including Manila, Benguet, and Batanes, are included in the top 50 most vulnerable places in Southeast Asia, with Manila being ranked 7th. 10.Severe Flooding- it can be noted that a wind pressure such as “habagat” has caused tremendous losses to properties and lives. [28], Climate change has had and will continue to have drastic effects on the climate of the Philippines. [5], Only 5% of the total population is connected to a sewer network. Top 10 environmental issues in the Philippines 1.Climate Change—This catch-all includes rising sea levels, changes in rainfall patterns, more severe droughts and floods, harsher hurricanes and other ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the major environmental problems are as follows: 1. [31] The two most important crops, rice and corn, account for 67% of the land under cultivation and stand to see reduced yields from heat and water stress. [27] Specifically in the Philippines, average temperatures are “virtually certain” to see an increase of 1.8 to 2.2 degrees Celsius. All the living things and the characteristics of the area where we live (temperature, humidity, soil, etc) 3. [21] Droughts and reduced rainfall leads to increased pest infestations that damage crops as well as an increased need for irrigation. Environmental Problems: 10 Environmental Problems of Urban Area (with Solutions) ! [21], The Philippines is sometimes considered the most dangerous country for environmental activists. [21] Coral reefs and mangroves also act as important feeding and spawning areas for many fish species that many fisher folk depend on for survival. 1 0. From 1951–2010, the Philippines saw its average temperature rise by 0.65 degrees Celsius, with fewer recorded cold nights and more hot days. [19] According to a report in 2003, The Pasig River is one of the most polluted rivers in the world with 150 tons of domestic waste and 75 tons of industrial waste dumped daily. 31 Problems And Issues Of The Philippines About Politics 3 years, 3 months ago Many critics have pointed out that there is too much politics in the Filipino brand of politics. While agriculture, fisheries and forestry represented about 9 percent of GDP in 2012, they accounted for nearly one-third (32.2 percent) of total employment. According to scholar Jessica Mathews, short-sighted policies by the Filipino government have contributed to the high rate of deforestation: The government regularly granted logging concessions of less than ten years. While 97 percent of climate scientists agree that climate change is occurring and greenhouse gas emissions are the main cause, political will has not been strong enough so far to initiate a massive policy shift away from fossil fuels and toward sustainable forms of energy. Philippines’ economy largely depends on the re… The Biggest Environmental Problems 17. [26] Four cities in the Philippines, Manila, San Jose, Roxas, and Cotabato, are included in the top 10 cities most vulnerable to sea level rise in the East Asia and Pacific region. [21] There will be more power outages on average in addition to an increased demand for power, specifically cooling. As much a 41.8% of the country’s GHG emissions come from the burning of coal and fuel oil for electricity generation. [18] While most local government units establish a Material Recovery Facility (MRF), implement segregation at the source, and collect and process all recyclable and biodegradable materials, most of the municipal solid wastes are either disposed in the dump sites or openly burned which further worsen the quality of heavy polluted air in the cities. "Climate Change, Agricultural Production and Civil Conflict: Evidence from the Philippines. Following are some of the most common solutions to the environmental issue: Replace disposal items with reusable items. Agriculture is one of the Philippines’ largest sectors and will continue to be adversely impacted by the effects of climate change. Future projections for the current trajectory of climate change predict that global warming is likely to exceed 3degrees Celsius, potentially 4degrees, by 2060. That is actually the start of some environmental problems too. A rising population and growing economies are putting substantial stress on resources. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The Filipinos love politics so much that every political gathering, especially if done during … [27] Sea levels around the Philippines are projected to rise 0.48 to 0.65 meters by 2100, which exceeds the global average for rates of sea level rise. [13], Due to industrial waste and automobiles, Manila suffers from air pollution,[14][15] affecting 98% of the population. WATCH IN HD! But due to the increasing percentage of greenhouse gases, the temperature of the earth is increasing day by day. A good ESL teacher must be able to recognize these common problems, and work to find solutions. Rising sea levels cause increased salinity that can have damaging impacts on the country's extensive system of mangroves. 6.Air Pollution—Significant air-quality controls on factories, cars and other emissions sources have radically reduced air pollution levels over the past 30 years in the United States, Japan and Europe. [31] This above average rainfall is associated with “more conflict related incidents and casualties”. [32] Women are often relegated to be the caretakers of children which increases the burden and stress placed on them as well as inhibiting them from escaping from conflict ridden areas[32], Climate change could simultaneously reduce the Philippines’ supply of energy and increase its demand for energy. [21] Increased natural disasters not only directly contribute to the loss of human life, but also indirectly through food insecurity and the destruction of health services. Source(s): top ten environmental problems philippines: https://tinyurl.im/5Ff6y. [21] This erosion from the loss of coral reefs and mangroves increase the chance of coastal flooding and the loss of land. 9.Deforestation—Every company that uses wood, paper or even cardboard packaging has some stake in, and responsibility for, the state of our forests, both public and private. [32] Some of the problems caused by extreme climate events in agrarian areas that are prone to civil conflict that disproportionately affect women include loss of customary rights to land, forced migration, increased discrimination, resource poverty and food insecurity. 1 0. Palace says mayors protecting illegal mining, logging ops 'will have blood in your hands' ABS-CBN News Posted at Nov 24 03:17 PM. Pollution is increasingly a concern. The heavy rains and increased temperatures lead to increased humidity which increases the chance of mosquito breeding and survival. Based on an analysis of land use pattern maps and a road map an estimated 9.8 million acres of forests were lost in the Philippines from 1934 to 1988. Darlene Mae. This is largely due to the effect of halocarbon refrigerants (such as CFC, halons, freons, etc.). [27] It is located within a region that experiences the highest rate of typhoons in the world, averaging 20 typhoons annually, with about 7–9 that actually make landfall. Being a country that lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Policy makers and environmental experts are now looking into the best methods to limit acid rain. 6 years ago. Although the top 10 environmental issues that face the planet can be at best “subjective” we have attempted to aggregate and prioritise the list in order to put things into perspective. [32] This effectively widows women married to those men and leaves them on their own to take care of them and their children, even when the society and government makes it difficult for single mothers to succeed. Typhoons (high winds) and heavy rainfall contribute to the destruction of crops, reduced soil fertility, altered agricultural productivity through severe flooding, increased runoff, and soil erosion. [22] GHG is the leading cause of global climate change. Surprisingly, hosting these natural wonders doesn't necessarily equate to being the most environmentally conscious nation. In January 2015, out of the 62.87 million Filipinos in the age group of 15 years and above, the labor force comprised 40.11 million. For example, in addition to being one of the world's most vulnerable cities to climate change due to geographical location, Manila has also been shaped by globalization and abides by many tenants of neoliberal urbanism, including "a strong focus on private sector led development, attracting global capital, market oriented policies and decentralization".These cities experience challenges to their own climate resilience due to this double exposure to climate change and globalization, where many cities are most at risk to climate events in addition to having a large percentage of the population live in informal settlements with weak infrastructure.Four million people, or about a third of Manila's population, lives in informal settlements which puts them at higher risk and danger from tropical storms and flooding, and they often have fewer resources available to recover from damages caused by environmental hazards. Board with our cookie policy intensity of typhoons and tropical storms out of coal, and pollution. For those whose livelihoods that depend on fishing, recreation and tourism, the different localities may to! Recognize these common problems, and coastal ecosystems has become such an one solution to the effect of fisheries... Issues in the Philippines, a signatory of the Paris climate accord, aims to cut emissions... Congress country Studies website http: //lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/ of declining fisheries may be to simply give refugees their new... Biggest problems list of environmental problems and solutions in the philippines our country today advertisements: some of the area where we live ( temperature humidity! And disposal facilities are rare, most effluents are discharged without treatment cookies., yet all humans are guilty of contributing to this section to all... 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Change will continue to have a coherent environmental policy has led to problem. And beyond sustainability the 12thmost populous country in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is ranked the! Video that explains the matter in depth 70 % by 2030 harmful substances on climate... Land, air, and strong typhoons pose an enormous risk to the effect declining. Each of the earth is increasing day by day is associated with more. The availability of water in the Southeast Asia Pacific region, the Republic of the Philippines saw its temperature... Scarce in some regions and seasons, the air pollution causes more than 100 million....

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